PMID: 40957Nov 1, 1979

Sucrose transport by the Escherichia coli lactose carrier

Journal of Bacteriology
K B Heller, T H Wilson


Several lines of evidence suggest that sucrose is transported by the lactose carrier of Escherichia coli. Entry of sucrose was monitored by an osmotic method which involves exposure of cells to a hyperosmotic solution of disaccharide (250 mM). Such cells shrink (optical density rises), and if the solute enters the cell, there is a return toward initial values (optical density falls). By this technique sucrose was found to enter cells at a rate approximately one third that of lactose. In addition, the entry of [14C]sucrose was followed by direct analysis of cell contents after separation of cells from the medium by centrifugation. Sucrose accumulated within the cell to a concentration 160% of that in the external medium. The addition of sucrose to an anaerobic suspension of cells resulted in a small alkalinization of the external medium. These data are consistent with the view that the lactose carrier can accumulate sucrose by a proton cotransport system. The carrier exhibits a very low affinity for the disaccharide (150 mM) but a moderately rapid Vmax.


Oct 22, 1981·Nature·G Högenauer, M Woisetschläger
Mar 19, 2009·The Journal of Membrane Biology·Yang PengManuel F Varela

Related Concepts

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Anhydrous lactose

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.