Sudden death recorded during Holter monitoring

G NikolicJ B Singh


Six instances of sudden death were recorded by Holter monitoring, which showed ventricular fibrillation in five and a bradyarrhythmia in one. Complex ventricular ectopic activity preceded cardiac arrest in five patients, including the one with the bradyarrhythmic arrest. Two patients with chronic bifascicular block arrested as a result of ventricular fibrillation. Fifteen cases reports from the literature are reviewed. The composite profile includes advanced myocardial disease (present in all cases), complex ventricular ectopic activity, R-on-T initiation of the terminal rhythm except in patients with prolonged QT interval, and variations in cycle length preceeding the onset of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation. The role of supraventricular mechanisms in sudden death is uncertain.


Feb 1, 1978·Annals of Internal Medicine·T R EngelW S Frankl
Jun 23, 1979·British Medical Journal·A LahiriE B Raftery
Nov 1, 1979·Annals of Internal Medicine·H BoudoulasG Dalamangas
Oct 1, 1979·The American Journal of Cardiology·K H TyeA Benchimol
Jun 1, 1978·British Heart Journal·J PoolJ L van Wermeskerken
May 26, 1977·The American Journal of Cardiology·L E HinkleM E Edwards
Aug 1, 1977·Archives of Internal Medicine·P DenesK M Rosen
May 1, 1974·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·S B BleiferH L Harold
Sep 17, 1981·The New England Journal of Medicine·J M GoldmanD A Galton
Jan 1, 1980·Annual Review of Medicine·A J Moss
Oct 1, 1980·Annals of Internal Medicine·W M Smith, J J Gallagher
May 1, 1980·American Heart Journal·J K BissettD W Ohrt
Dec 1, 1980·The American Journal of Cardiology·M E JosephsonA M Greenspan
Feb 1, 1981·Annals of Internal Medicine·H A Buechner


Jul 1, 1990·Clinical Cardiology·D Katritsis, A J Camm
Apr 13, 1999·Clinical Cardiology·A H Wu, S K Das
Nov 1, 1991·Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·M H Sami
Nov 15, 2006·Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology : an International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing·B Brembilla-PerrotN Zhang
Oct 1, 1985·The American Journal of Cardiology·P G MilnerL S Griffith
Jan 1, 1988·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·M J CooperD L Ross
Jan 1, 1989·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·W J WelchD L Eckberg
Sep 18, 1997·The American Journal of Cardiology·R J MyerburgA Castellanos
May 20, 1998·The American Journal of Cardiology·D V ExnerL B Mitchell
Jan 1, 1983·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·S B Knoebel
Nov 1, 1983·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·I P Panidis, J Morganroth
Nov 1, 1983·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·G N KayA L Waldo
May 1, 1984·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·G Nikolic
Jun 1, 1985·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·W F Armstrong, P L McHenry
Jun 1, 1985·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·B Surawicz
May 1, 1987·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·C L WebbA Rosenthal
Nov 25, 2003·Cardiovascular Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology·Koichi KawaharaYoshiko Yamauchi
Dec 2, 1982·The New England Journal of Medicine·G Nikolic
Oct 18, 1984·The New England Journal of Medicine·L A Cobb
Sep 11, 1998·Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology·N KhandoudiA Bril
May 1, 1995·Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences·W Tanchaiswad
Mar 1, 1991·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·T KhastgirE Veltri
Apr 1, 1992·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·B S StamblerK A Ellenbogen
Sep 7, 1985·British Medical Journal·M C Petch
Jan 25, 2003·Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology·Harry J WitchelDavid J Nutt
Aug 9, 2002·Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology : the Official Journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc·Andrew J Burger, Doron Aronson
Aug 28, 2014·Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy·Benoit PlourdePaul Poirier
Mar 17, 2015·The Journal of Physiology·Colleen E ClancyAntonio Zaza
Aug 10, 2013·The American Journal of Cardiology·Feven AtaklteStephen Kaptoge
Jan 1, 1990·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·P KligfieldE M Herrold
Feb 27, 2010·Heart Rhythm : the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society·Michael L SmithRichard L Page
Nov 17, 2007·Cardiovascular Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology·Elin S MortensenLeif Jørgensen
Jan 1, 1991·Journal of Biomedical Engineering·N L ProsserA W Whistance
Apr 18, 2003·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Doron Aronson, Andrew J Burger
Jun 27, 2007·Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology : the Official Journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc·Gregory EngelVictor F Froelicher
Feb 1, 2008·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Ryan AnthonyMulticenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-II Investigator
Nov 24, 1999·The American Journal of Cardiology·A Zivin, G H Bardy
May 1, 1987·American Heart Journal·M E Ring, S K Huang
Sep 1, 1988·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·W M JackmanR Lazzara
May 22, 1990·The American Journal of Cardiology·J Kjekshus
May 1, 1991·The American Journal of Emergency Medicine·R B Vukmir
Sep 1, 1986·The American Journal of Cardiology·F S WangJ J Chen
Nov 1, 1982·The American Journal of Cardiology·G Nikolic
Jan 1, 1993·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·J A GomesJ Ip
Sep 1, 1994·International Journal of Cardiology·T J TobéH Wesseling
Dec 1, 1989·Current Problems in Cardiology·P J Troup
Dec 1, 1984·The American Journal of Cardiology·R J MyerburgA Castellanos
Nov 1, 1984·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Y AraiY Saitoh
Sep 1, 1986·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·C P ReddyW R Guillory
Jan 1, 1984·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·H M Greenberg
Jan 1, 1984·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·L A CobbH L Greene
Sep 1, 1988·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·S RadhakrishnanM L Bhatia
Sep 1, 1987·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·A J CammD E Ward
Oct 1, 1986·Annals of Emergency Medicine·W D WeaverC Fahrenbruch
Oct 12, 2005·Journal of Electrocardiology·Hiroyuki KimuraJyunichi Miyaki
Dec 1, 1992·The American Journal of Cardiology·M O SweeneyS Eberly
Sep 1, 1984·The American Journal of Cardiology·M Z BerissoM Iannetti
Apr 1, 1985·American Heart Journal·M E RosenthalT Peter
Sep 15, 1989·The American Journal of Cardiology·M P Whitaker, D S Sheps
Oct 1, 1988·The American Journal of Cardiology·M LucenteU Manzoli
Feb 18, 2012·International Journal of Cardiology·B Brembilla-PerrotNicolas Sadoul
Dec 27, 2011·Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology·Jonathan D Moreno, Colleen E Clancy
Dec 10, 1999·Biophysical Journal·E ChudinB Kogan
Jun 12, 2004·Current Problems in Cardiology·Gregory EngelPaul J Wang
Aug 14, 2003·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Antoine LeenhardtDefender I Clinical Trial Investigators
May 1, 1985·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·A Goicolea de OroJ González Alvarez
Dec 1, 1993·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·J M Davidenko
Mar 1, 1993·Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology = Revue Canadienne De Physiologie Appliquée·S Robichaud-Ekstrand
Jan 1, 1989·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·V Medina-RavellR J Myerburg
Oct 26, 1999·The Annals of Pharmacotherapy·J M O'BrienK I Suh
Apr 18, 2007·Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology·Aldo CasaleggioGian Domenico Pinna
Feb 23, 2021·Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine·Gary TseWing Tak Wong
Jul 14, 2020·Computers in Biology and Medicine·Shenda HongJimeng Sun

Related Concepts

Urgent Care
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Sudden Death
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Resuscitation Procedure

Related Feeds


Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly due to stroke and thromboembolism. Here is the latest research.


Bradyarrhythmias are slow heart rates. Symptoms may include syncope, dizziness, fatigure, shortness of breath, and chest pains. Find the latest research on bradyarrhythmias here.


Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.