Apr 23, 2020

Open database searching enables the identification and comparison of glycoproteomes without defining glycan compositions prior to searching

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. R. Ahmad Izaham, Nichollas E Scott


Mass spectrometry has become an indispensable tool for the characterisation of glycosylation across biological systems. Our ability to generate rich fragmentation of glycopeptides has dramatically improved over the last decade yet our informatic approaches still lag behind. While glycoproteomic informatics approaches using glycan databases have attracted considerable attention, database independent approaches have not. This has significantly limited high throughput studies of unusual or atypical glycosylation events such as those observed in bacteria. As such, computational approaches to examine bacterial glycosylation and identify chemically diverse glycans are desperately needed. Here we describe the use of wide-tolerance (up to 2000 Da) open searching as a means to rapidly examine bacterial glycoproteomes. We benchmarked this approach using N-linked glycopeptides of Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus as well as O-linked glycopeptides of Acinetobacter baumannii and Burkholderia cenocepacia revealing glycopeptides modified with a range of glycans can be readily identified without defining the glycan masses prior to database searching. Utilising this approach, we demonstrate how wide tolerance searching can be used to compare gly...Continue Reading

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