Nov 14, 2018

Sunflower resistance to multiple downy mildew pathotypes revealed by recognition of conserved effectors of the oomycete Plasmopara halstedii

The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology
Yann PecrixLaurence Godiard


Over the last 40 years, new sunflower downy mildew isolates (Plasmopara halstedii) have overcome major gene resistances in sunflower, requiring the identification of additional and possibly more durable broad-spectrum resistances. Here, 354 RXLR effectors defined in silico from our new genomic data were classified in a network of 40 connected components sharing conserved protein domains. Among 205 RXLR effector genes encoding conserved proteins in 17 P. halstedii pathotypes of varying virulence, we selected 30 effectors that were expressed during plant infection as potentially essential genes to target broad-spectrum resistance in sunflower. The transient expression of the 30 core effectors in sunflower and in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves revealed a wide diversity of targeted subcellular compartments, including organelles not so far shown to be targeted by oomycete effectors such as chloroplasts and processing bodies. More than half of the 30 core effectors were able to suppress pattern-triggered immunity in N. benthamiana, and five of these induced hypersensitive responses (HR) in sunflower broad-spectrum resistant lines. HR triggered by PhRXLRC01 co-segregated with Pl22 resistance in F3 populations and both traits localized i...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Immune Effector Cell
Avian Crop
LUC7L3 gene
Plant-type Hypersensitive Response
Plasmopara halstedii

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