Superior vena cava syndrome: case report. A complication of permanent transvenous endocardial cardiac pacing requiring surgical correction

American Heart Journal
G G YoungsonP M Nichol

Abstract

Superior vena cava syndrome developed in a patient in whom an endocardial transvenous pacemaker had been inserted five years previously. Venography demonstrated an obstructing lesion at the junction of the superior vena cava and right atrium. Balloon catheter dilatation failed to afford any relief from her progressive symptoms. Exploration of the area revealed a benign fibrotic lesion encircling the pacemaker lead within the right atrium. Excision of the lesion, removal of the lead, and patching the right atrium with pericardium resulted in rapid cure.

Citations

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Related Concepts

Artificial Cardiac Pacemaker
Thromboembolism
Superior Vena Cava Structure

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