Oct 13, 2017

Superlyophilic Interfaces and Their Applications

Advanced Materials
Zhongpeng ZhuYe Tian

Abstract

Superlyophilic interfaces denote interfaces displaying strong affinity to diverse liquids, including superhydrophilic, superoleophilic, and superamphiphilic interfaces. When coming in contact with these interfaces, water or oil droplets tend to spread completely with contact angles close to 0°, presenting versatile applications including self-cleaning, antifogging, controllable liquid transport, liquid separation, and so forth. Inspired by nature, scientists have developed various kinds of artificial superlyophilic (SLPL) interfaces in the past decades. In terms of dimensional characteristics, the artificial SLPL interfaces can be divided into four categories: i) 0D particles, whose dispersibility or catalytic performance can be notably enhanced by superlyophilicity; ii) 1D micro-/nanofibers or nanotubes/channels, which can efficiently transfer liquids with SLPL interfaces; iii) 2D flat SLPL interfaces, on which different functional molecules can be deposited uniformly, forming ultrathin and smooth films; and iv) 3D structures, which can be obtained by either constructing 0D, 1D, or 2D SLPL materials separately or directly fabricating random SLPL frameworks, and can always be used as functional coatings or bulk materials. Here,...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Lipid Droplet
Bone-Implant Interface
2-Dimensional
Patient Transfer
Angular
Structure
Biomaterials
Nanotubes, Carbon
Particle
Liquid Dosage Form

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