PMID: 8269303Jun 1, 1993Paper

"Supernormal" conduction and excitability

Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
E N MooreC Fisch


Electrocardiographic manifestation of "supernormal" conduction is defined as conduction that is more rapid than expected or presence of conduction when block is anticipated. It is not supernormal in the sense or being more rapid than normal. Therefore, the term relative supernormality or "supernormality" is more appropriate. The mechanism of "supernormal" conduction is conduction during a period of supernormal excitability and conduction associated with altered membrane potential. Some of the more common phenomena that are not dependent on conduction during the supernormal period but manifest better than expected conduction, thus simulating "supernormal" conduction, include dual AV nodal conduction, the "gap" phenomenon, "peeling back" of the refractory period, summation of subthreshold responses, diastolic phase 4 depolarization, and phasic autonomic influences.


Dec 1, 1977·The American Journal of Cardiology·J F Spear, E N Moore
Jan 1, 1992·British Heart Journal·C Fisch, S B Knoebel
Nov 1, 1974·Circulation Research·J F Spear, E N Moore
Jan 1, 1971·Journal of Electrocardiology·I A D'Cruz
Sep 8, 1965·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·E N Moore
Nov 1, 1969·Journal of Applied Physiology·E N Moore, M Bloom
May 1, 1969·British Heart Journal·L Schamroth
Apr 1, 1970·Chest·M J Mihalick, C Fisch
Mar 1, 1968·Circulation Research·R W ChildersG K MOE
Jul 1, 1968·Circulation Research·J MeridethG K MOE
Nov 1, 1968·Circulation·H V PipbergerJ D Klingeman
Jul 1, 1968·Circulation·G K MOEJ Merideth
Jun 1, 1963·The American Journal of Physiology·R T VAN DAMB F HOFFMAN


Apr 1, 1994·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·G OretoH J Wellens
Aug 1, 1996·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·B J Roth
Oct 1, 2014·Physics Reports·Zhilin QuJames N Weiss
Jun 27, 2015·International Journal of Cardiology·Francesco LuzzaPietro Pugliatti
May 13, 2015·International Journal of Cardiology·Francesco LuzzaPietro Pugliatti
Dec 18, 2003·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·Gaetano SatulloRosario Grassi
Jan 23, 2014·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·Concepción Alonso-MartinXavier Viñolas
Jan 3, 2006·Journal of Electrocardiology·Francesco LuzzaG Oreto
Jun 16, 2016·Circulation Journal : Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society·Takeshi IdeguchiKazuo Kitamura
Aug 2, 2016·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Koichi NagashimaAtsushi Hirayama
Sep 15, 2004·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·Yoshiaki KanekoMasahiko Kurabayashi
Dec 30, 1998·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·P MauryM Zimmermann
Oct 26, 2018·Circulation·Nivedita Rohini CaltonRajneesh Kumar Calton
Feb 25, 1998·Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology·G Oreto, M P Calabrò
May 31, 2019·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·Jacques Billette, Rafik Tadros
Dec 15, 2020·Journal of Electrocardiology·Christopher C Cheung, Edward P Gerstenfeld
Jan 1, 2021·Cardiovascular Therapeutics·Mohamed-Yassine Amarouch, Jaouad El Hilaly

Related Concepts

Electrocardiographic Recorders
Cardiac Conduction System

Related Feeds

Cardiac Conduction System

The cardiac conduction system is a specialized tract of myocardial cells responsible for maintaining normal cardiac rhythm. Discover the latest research on the cardiac conduction system here.