Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the PAF-antagonist (BN 52021) reduce small intestinal damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion

Free Radical Research Communications
M T Droy-LefaixP Braquet

Abstract

Oxygenated free-radicals appear to play a prominent role in mediating damage associated with gastrointestinal diseases. Production of reactive oxygen metabolites in ischemia-reperfusion involves oxidases found in resident phagocytic cells and microvascular and mucosal epithelial cells. Platelet activating factor (PAF), a phospholipid associated with inflammatory disorders, has been shown to both prime and amplify the release of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide from polymorphonuclear neutrophils and macrophages stimulated by FMLP or PMA. To further elucidate the involvement of free radicals in intestinal damage and the potential role of PAF in their production, we examined the effect of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and BN 52021 (ginkgolide B) on ischemia-reperfusion induced damage in the small intestine. The study involved 32 Sprague-Dawley rats (100-200 g) divided into four groups. Three of these groups were subjected to occlusion of the mesenteric artery 30 mins followed by 24 h reperfusion. On 2 groups SOD (15,000 U/kg/iv) and BN 52021 (20 mg/kg/po) were administered 45 mins before arterial occlusion. Following the 24 h reperfusion, the rats were sacrificed after overnight fasting. The jejunum and ileon were removed and f...Continue Reading

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