Superselective transcatheter arterial embolization in patients with acute peripancreatic bleeding complications: review of 44 cases

Abdominal Radiology
Ralph KickuthJürgen Gschossmann


To evaluate the efficacy of superselective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in the treatment of acute peripancreatic bleeding complications. During a 9-year period, 44 patients with acute bleeding of the peripancreatic arteries underwent TAE in our institution. Thirty-eight patients were treated using microcatheters and 6 patients with a diagnostic catheter. Embolic agents included coils (n = 38), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles (n = 2), isobutyl cyanoacrylate (n = 2), coils plus PVA particles (n = 1), and coils plus isobutyl cyanoacrylate (n = 1). Outcome measures included technical success, clinical success, and the rate of complications. Identified bleeding sources included gastroduodenal artery (n = 14), splenic artery (n = 9), pancreaticoduodenal artery (n = 6), common hepatic artery (n = 5), superior mesenteric artery branches (n = 4), proper hepatic artery (n = 3), and dorsal/transverse pancreatic artery (n = 3). Technical success with effective control of active bleeding was achieved in 41/44 patients (93 %). Clinical success attributed to TAE alone was documented in 40/44 patients (91 %). The rate of major complications was 2 % including death in one patient. Superselective TAE allows effective, minimally in...Continue Reading


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