Superstimulation of ovarian follicular growth with FSH oocyte recovery, and embryo production from Zebu (Bos indicus) calves: effects of treatment with a GnRH agonist or antagonist

L J MaclellanM J D'Occhio


The capacity of heifer calves of a late sexually maturing Zebu (Bos indicus) genotype to respond to superstimulation with FSH at a young age and in vitro oocyte development were examined. Some calves were treated with a GnRH agonist (deslorelin) or antagonist (cetrorelix) to determine whether altering plasma concentrations of LH would influence follicular responses to FSH and oocyte developmental competency. Brahman calves (3-mo-old; 140 +/- 3 kg) were randomly assigned to 3 groups: control (n = 10); deslorelin treatment from Day -8 to 3 (n = 10); and cetrorelix treatment from Day -3 to 2 (n = 10). All calves were stimulated with FSH from Day 0 to 2, and were ovariectomized on Day 3 to determine follicular responses to FSH and to recover oocytes for in vitro procedures. Before treatment with FSH, heifers receiving deslorelin had greater (P < 0.001) plasma LH (0.30 +/- 0.01 ng/ml) than control heifers (0.17 +/- 0.02 ng/ml), while plasma LH was reduced (P < 0.05) in heifers treated with cetrorelix (0.13 +/- 0.01 ng/ml). Control heifers had a surge release of LH during treatment with FSH, but this did not occur in heifers treated with deslorelin or cetrorelix. All heifers had large numbers of follicles > or = 2 mm (approximately 6...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1976·Clinical Endocrinology·W ValeJ Rivier
Sep 1, 1972·Journal of Reproduction and Fertility·H R TervitL E Rowson
Nov 1, 1970·American Journal of Surgery·L J Kleinsasser
Dec 1, 1994·Australian Veterinary Journal·P J Chenoweth
Jan 1, 1997·Journal of Reproduction and Fertility·M Lane, D K Gardner
Jan 1, 1981·Theriogenology·R D DahlhausenT M Ludwick

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