Aug 10, 2017

Suppression and facilitation of human neural responses

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michael-Paul SchallmoScott O Murray

Abstract

Efficient neural processing depends on regulating responses through suppression and facilitation of neural activity. Utilizing a well-known visual motion paradigm that evokes behavioral suppression and facilitation, and combining 5 different methodologies (behavioral psychophysics, computational modeling, functional MRI, pharmacology, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy), we provide evidence that challenges commonly held assumptions about the neural processes underlying suppression and facilitation. We show that: 1) both suppression and facilitation can emerge from a single, computational principle – divisive normalization; there is no need to invoke separate neural mechanisms, 2) neural suppression and facilitation in the motion-selective area MT mirror perception, but strong suppression also occurs in earlier visual areas, and 3) suppression is not driven by GABA-mediated inhibition. Thus, while commonly used spatial suppression paradigms may provide insight into neural response magnitudes in visual areas, they cannot be used to infer neural inhibition.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Spatial Memory
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neural Inhibition
Regulation of Response to Drug
Suppression, Genetic
Neuroma
Imaging/Visualization/Scanning
Neural Stem Cells
Visual Suppression
Psychophysics

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