Jul 22, 2014

Suppression of angiogenic response in local vein wall is associated with reduced thrombus resolution

Thrombosis Research
Colin E EvansAlberto Smith

Abstract

The formation of new vascular channels within and around venous thrombus contributes to its resolution. Neovascularisation arising from the surrounding vein may facilitate this process. Treatment of cancer patients with anti-angiogenic agents can lead to increased incidence of venous thromboembolic events, but the effect of these agents on the processes that govern thrombus resolution are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of anti-angiogenic treatment with 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME) on (i) angiogenic response in the thrombosed vein and (ii) venous thrombus resolution. Venous thrombus was induced in the inferior vena cava (IVC) of 36 adult male BALB/C mice. Thrombosed mice received either the anti-angiogenic agent, 2ME (150 mg/kg/day, i/p), or vehicle control (n=18/group). In the thrombosed IVC of both groups: hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1α, and its angiogenic targets, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PLGF), were quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays at days 1 and 10 post-thrombus induction (n=6/group); and inflammatory cell content, cell proliferation, and vein recanalisation were quantified using immunostaining and image analysis at day 10 (n=6/group)...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Thrombophilia
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Anti-Angiogenesis Effect
Angiogenic Process
Entire Vein
Glioma-Derived Vascular Endothelial Cell Growth Factor
Panzem
Blood Vessel
VEGFA gene
Receptor Down-Regulation

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