Suppression of autophagy is protective in high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury

Autophagy
Satoru KobayashiQiangrong Liang

Abstract

Hyperglycemia is linked to increased heart failure among diabetic patients. However, the mechanisms that mediate hyperglycemia-induced cardiac damage remain poorly understood. Autophagy is a cellular degradation pathway that plays important roles in cellular homeostasis. Autophagic activity is altered in the diabetic heart, but its functional role has been unclear. In this study, we determined if mimicking hyperglycemia in cultured cardiomyocytes from neonatal rats and adult mice could affect autophagic activity and myocyte viability. High glucose (17 or 30 mM) reduced autophagic flux compared with normal glucose (5.5 mM) as indicated by the difference in protein levels of LC3-II (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 form II) or the changes of punctate fluorescence patterns of GFP-LC3 and mRFP-LC3 in the absence and presence of the lysosomal inhibitor bafilomycin A(1). Unexpectedly, the inhibited autophagy turned out to be an adaptive response that functioned to limit high glucose cardiotoxicity. Indeed, suppression of autophagy by 3-methyladenine or short hairpin RNA-mediated silencing of the Becn1 or Atg7 gene attenuated high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte death. Conversely, upregulation of autophagy with rapamycin o...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

3-methyladenine
Kcnh3 protein, mouse
Atg7 protein, rat
MTORC1 complex, rat
Adenine
Programmed Cell Death, Type II
Cardiotonic Agents
Cell Survival
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Lysosomes

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