May 1, 1993

Suppression of protein synthesis in the reperfused brain

Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Gary S Krause, B R Tiffany

Abstract

Brain ischemia and reperfusion produce profound protein synthesis alterations, the extent and persistence of which are dependent on the nature of the ischemia, the brain region, the cell layer within a region, and the particular proteins studied. After transient ischemia, most brain regions recover their protein synthesis capability; however, recovery in the selectively vulnerable areas is poor. It is unknown whether this phenomenon itself provokes or is a consequence of the process of neuronal death. Protein synthesis suppression during ischemia is due to energy depletion, but this is quickly reversed upon recirculation. Reperfusion does not appear to damage DNA or transcription mechanisms, although there are changes in the profile of transcripts being made. Similarly, purified ribosomes isolated from reperfused brains can make the normal repertoire of proteins and heat-shock proteins. However, during early reperfusion, newly synthesized messenger RNAs appear to accumulate in the nucleus; this alteration in RNA handling could reflect disruption at any of several steps, including posttranscriptional processing, nuclear pore transport, cytoskeletal binding, or formation of the translation initiation complex. Another mechanism th...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Heat shock proteins
Neurons
Brain
Cessation of Life
Cell Nucleus
Protein Biosynthesis
Visual Suppression
Translation Initiation Complex
Neuronal

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