Suppression of reperfusion-induced arrhythmias with combined administration of 5-HT2 and thromboxane A2 antagonists

British Journal of Pharmacology
L A Shaw, S J Coker

Abstract

1. The effects of the 5-HT2 antagonist, ICI 170,809 and the thromboxane A2 antagonist, ICI 192,605, given alone and in combination (n = 12 per group), were examined in anaesthetized rats. Haemodynamics and arrhythmias induced by permanent coronary artery occlusion or by reperfusion after 5 min of ischaemia were monitored. 2. In a study on reperfusion-induced arrhythmias, the only significant effect of ICI 170,809 (1 mg kg-1, i.v.) was a reduction in the number of ventricular premature beats (VPBs). ICI 192,605 (1 mg kg-1 min-1, i.v.) did not alter reperfusion-induced arrhythmias. However, in combination, when compared with controls, these drugs caused significant reductions in the incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT), 100% to 58%; ventricular fibrillation (VF), 92% to 33%; and the mortality due to sustained VF, 67% to 17%. There was also a significant reduction in the number of VPBs following reperfusion. 3. In a second study with lower doses of drugs, ICI 170,809 (0.3 mg kg-1) and ICI 192,605 (0.3 mg kg-1 min-1) had no significant effects on reperfusion-induced arrhythmias either alone or in combination. 4. A third study examined the effects of the higher doses of the drugs on ischaemia-induced arrhythmias. Neither drug a...Continue Reading

References

Jun 1, 1991·Trends in Pharmacological Sciences·P R Saxena, C M Villalón
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