Sep 1, 1992

Surface chemical properties of purified root cell walls from two tobacco genotypes exhibiting different tolerance to manganese toxicity

Plant Physiology
J WangM T Nielsen


Surface chemical characteristics of root cell walls extracted from two tobacco genotypes exhibiting differential tolerance to Mn toxicity were studied using potentiometric pH titration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The Mn-sensitive genotype KY 14 showed a stronger interaction of its cell wall surface with metal ions than did the Mn-tolerant genotype Tobacco Introduction (T.I.) 1112. This observation may be attributed to the relatively higher ratio of COO(-) to COOH in KY 14 cell walls than that found in the cell walls of T.I. 1112 in the pH range of 4 to 10. For both genotypes, the strength of binding between metal ions and cell wall surface was in the order of Cu > Ca > Mn > Mg > Na. However, a slightly higher preference of Ca over Mn was observed with the T.I. 1112 cell wall. This may explain the high accumulation of Mn in the leaves of Mn-tolerant genotype T.I. 1112 rather than the high accumulation of Mn in roots, as occurred in Mn-sensitive KY 14. It is concluded that surface chemical characteristics of cell walls may play an important role in plant metal ion uptake and tolerance.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cell Wall
Infrared Spectroscopy
Manganese Measurement
Titration Method
Nicotiana tabacum
Genotype Determination

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