Surface complexation mechanism and modeling in Cr(III) biosorption by a microalgal isolate, Chlorella miniata

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xu HanNora Fung Yee Tam


The mechanism involved in the removal of Cr(III) by a green microalgal isolate, Chlorella miniata, was examined based on a series of batch experiments and microscopic analyses, and a mathematical model was proposed. Results showed that Cr(III) biosorption increased with the increase of pH from 2.0 to 4.5, and no significant changes in biosorption outside this pH range. Langmuir isotherm indicated that the maximum Cr(III) sorption capacity of Chlorella miniata was 14.17, 28.72, and 41.12 mg g(-1) biomass at pH 3.0, 4.0, and 4.5, respectively. Results from desorption studies, SEM (scanning electron microscopy), TEM (transmission electron microscopy), and EDX (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope) analyses confirmed that surface complexation was the main process involved in Cr(III) biosorption. Potentiometric titration revealed that carboxyl (pKa1 = 4.10), phosphonate (pKa2 = 6.36) and amine (pKa3 = 8.47) functional groups on the surface of Chlorella miniata were the possible sites for Cr uptake, and their average amounts were 0.53, 0.39, and 0.36 mmol g(-1) biomass, respectively. A surface complexation model further indicated that carboxyl group played the main role in Cr(III) complexation, with a binding constant of K11 = 1.87 x...Continue Reading


Mar 23, 2011·Mikrochimica Acta·Izabela MichalakKrzysztof Marycz
Apr 7, 2012·Journal of Hazardous Materials·Mayla Santos RodriguesAttilio Converti
Aug 30, 2008·Journal of Hazardous Materials·A P S BatistaA H Rosa
Aug 24, 2007·Bioresource Technology·Ozgür Dogan UluozluMustafa Soylak
Jan 2, 2007·Journal of Hazardous Materials·Xu HanNora Fung Yee Tam
Dec 22, 2014·Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety·K Suresh KumarKyung-Hoon Shin
Jul 12, 2016·Journal of Environmental Management·Amin Keyvan ZeraatkarMark P McHenry
Sep 9, 2017·Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition·Derong LinSuqing Li
May 21, 2020·Frontiers in Microbiology·Sergio BalzanoChristophe Brunet

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.