Sep 16, 1985

Surface-dependent activation of human factor XII (Hageman factor) by kallikrein and its light chain

European Journal of Biochemistry
J RosingJ H Griffin


In this paper we report the effect of sulfatides on the rate constants of factor XII activation by kallikrein and its isolated light chain (the domain of kallikrein that contains the active site of the enzyme). In the absence of sulfatides, kallikrein and the light chain were equally effective in factor XII activation (k1 = 1.57 X 10(3) M-1 s-1 at pH 7.0). The pH optima were the same (pH 7.0) and the reaction was not affected by variation of the ionic strength. Sulfatides strongly increased the rate constants of factor XIIa formation. In the presence of sulfatides kallikrein was, however, much more active than its light chain. At 330 microM sulfatides, pH 7.0 and 100 mM NaCl the rate constants of factor XII activation were 5.34 X 10(6) M-1 s-1 and 4.17 X 10(4) M-1 s-1 for kallikrein and its light chain, respectively. The pH optimum of factor XII activation by kallikrein in the presence of sulfatides was shifted to pH 6.3, and the reaction became highly ionic-strength-dependent. The rate constant increased considerably at decreasing NaCl concentrations. The optimum pH for light-chain-dependent factor XII activation in the presence of sulfatides remained unaltered and the reaction was not affected by the ionic strength. Binding s...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Factor XIIa
SLC3A2 gene
Surface Properties
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Peptide Fragments
Sodium Chloride

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