Jul 1, 1977

Surface of the olfactory region in man observed by scanning electron microscope

Acta Oto-laryngologica
H Lenz

Abstract

This report describes the surface of the regio olfactoria of a 25-year-old man as observed in the scanning electron-microscope. Corresponding to the distal ends of the receptor cells, the surface displays various planes: (a) Upper-most is a film of mucus of varying thickness. (b) The olfactory hairs, which are arranged closely together, mostly in a parallel fashion in layers, dip into this mucus film. The long, distal parts of the olfactory hairs are of a rather uniform shape and form, together with the mucus film, a single functional unit. (c) Now follows a layer consisting of the short parts of the olfactory hairs. They branch from the olfactory vesiculae, mostly in a stellar fashion (5-12 on one vesicula) and arch themselves, after a short course, into the mucus film. (d) There then follows the plane of the olfactory vesiculae, mostly bulbous, partly club- and pyramidal in shape. (e) After that comes the plane of the microvilli receptors, which have about 100 or more villi on one cell. (f) Right at the bottom is the apical surface of the supporting cells, different in size, showing microvilli in a regularly arranged pattern. Because of the various planes of the surface of the olfactory region and because of the close situati...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microvilli
Smell Perception
Olfactory tubercle
Accessory Olfactory Bulb
Olfactory Epithelium
Hair
Olfactory Receptor Cells
DPPA3 wt Allele
Olfactory Region
Mucous Body Substance

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