Surface treatment at the cervical region and its effect on bone maintenance after immediate implantation: an experimental study in dogs

Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Paulo G CoelhoMarcelo Suzuki


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface treatment at the cervical region of endosseous dental implants on the alveolar bone remodeling after implantation immediately after tooth extraction in a dog model. The third and fourth premolars of 6 dogs were bilaterally extracted with a full-thickness flap, and threaded implants presenting a textured or a polished surface at the cervical regions were placed on the distal root extraction sockets. Submerged healing was allowed for 4 weeks, and bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and buccal and lingual bone loss were morphometrically measured. The BIC and lingual bone loss were not significantly different between textured and polished groups. Significantly lower buccal bone loss (P < .01) was observed for the textured surface at 4 weeks in vivo. Textured surface implants placed immediately after tooth extraction resulted in less bone loss only at the buccal cervical region compared with smooth surface implants.


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Jan 5, 2002·Journal of Periodontology·M PaolantonioAdriano Piattelli
Feb 8, 2002·The Journal of Oral Implantology·A ScaranoAdriano Piattelli
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Nov 10, 2006·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Mauricio G AraújoJan Lindhe
Nov 10, 2006·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Mauricio G AraújoJan Lindhe
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Jun 20, 2008·Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a·Vanessa C MendesJohn E Davies
Nov 1, 2008·Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials·Paulo G CoelhoJack E Lemons
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Apr 29, 2009·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Gary LeonardNoel Claffey


Mar 14, 2014·International Journal of Nanomedicine·Xiangning LiuLei Zhou
Dec 27, 2015·Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials·Surajit MistrySoumya Sarkar
Nov 19, 2011·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Amilcar C Freitas JúniorPaulo G Coelho
Aug 29, 2012·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Estevam Augusto BonfantePaulo G Coelho
Sep 24, 2013·Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology·Sinem YeniyolPaulo G Coelho
Dec 4, 2014·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·Paulo G CoelhoEstevam Augusto Bonfante
Mar 21, 2019·Periodontology 2000·Mauricio G AraújoFlavia Sukekava

Related Concepts

Endosseous Implant Procedure
Canis familiaris
Surface Properties
Dental Prostheses, Surgical
Alveolar Bone Loss
Dental Prosthesis Design
Tooth Socket
Cheek Structure
Hyoid Bone Structure

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