PMID: 2870756Apr 1, 1986Paper

Surgery for peptic ulceration associated with hypergastrinaemia

The British Journal of Surgery
C G ClarkP B Boulos

Abstract

Between 1971 and 1983, 31 males and 13 females were found to have peptic ulceration associated with hypergastrinaemia. An antral G-cell lesion was present in 11 (25 per cent) and a gastrinoma in 14 (32 per cent). There were 11 patients with multiple endocrine adenomatosis (MEA) (25 per cent) and 4 (9 per cent) with primary hyperparathyroidism. Four patients (9 per cent) were unclassified. Length of history and level of gastrin did not differentiate between the groups and an average of 2.5 operations was performed per patient, while the overall mortality was 27.3 per cent. The patients with G-cell lesions were significantly younger than all the other groups (P less than 0.01). Partial gastrectomy adequately treated G-cell hyperplasia. Total gastrectomy was required to treat pancreatic gastrinomata but additional pancreatic resection did not improve the outcome. In MEA, parathyroidectomy did not influence the treatment of a gastrinoma. This is the first recorded experience of surgery for hypergastrinaemia in the United Kingdom and the outcome of such a retrospective study may be a guide to the future management of these conditions.

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