Surgery option in the management of delayed diplopia after radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma

European Journal of Ophthalmology
Leilei ZouHong Liu

Abstract

Radiation therapy is a standard treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Diplopia due to radiation damage to the sixth nerve significantly erodes the patient's quality of life. This study investigated the effectiveness of extraocular surgery in the treatment of delayed diplopia caused by radiation therapy. A retrospective case series of 16 patients (7 men and 9 women) with delayed diplopia after radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma was enrolled in the study. Unilateral lateral rectus resection was performed under topical anesthesia. Follow-up time was more than 12 months. Outcome measures were prism diopter and self-reported symptoms. All patients diagnosed with sixth nerve palsy reported elimination of symptoms on postoperative day 1 without complications. One patient required a second procedure due to recurrence of symptoms. At 12-month follow-up, no patient reported recurrence of symptoms. The absolute horizontal deviation significantly decreased from a preoperative value of 16 prism diopter to a value of 1.5 prism diopter postoperatively (p < 0.001). These results suggest that unilateral lateral rectus resection under topical anesthesia is an effective treatment for delayed diplopia after radiation therapy for naso...Continue Reading

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