Sep 1, 2005

Surgical injury and metabolic stress enhance the virulence of the human opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Surgical Infections
Licheng R WuJohn C Alverdy

Abstract

We have shown previously that the PA-I lectin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa plays a key role in gut-derived sepsis during surgical stress. The aims of this study were to determine if the intestinal tract lumen of a stressed host contained soluble factors that could induce the expression of PA-I. Mice were subjected to either 30% surgical hepatectomy or sham-laparotomy, and P. aeruginosa was introduced into the cecum. Twenty-four hours later, feces were recovered, and PA-I and exotoxin A were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In reiterative experiments, fecal filtrates from both hepatectomy and sham-operated mice were tested for their ability to induce PA-I expression in cultures of P. aeruginosa. Finally, the media from cultured human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells stressed with excess glutamine was tested for its ability to induce the expression of PA-I in cultures of P. aeruginosa. Both PA-I and exotoxin A mRNA were increased in vivo in the intestinal tract of mice subjected to 30% hepatectomy. Soluble fecal filtrates from hepatectomy mice induced PA-I in vitro. Media from epithelial cells exposed to excess glutamine alone induced PA-I expression. The intestinal environment of a stressed host contains...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Septicemia
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pseudomonas Infections
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (antigen)
Pathogenicity
Entire Lumen of Body System
Pathogenic Organism
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.