Although the retroaortic left brachiocephalic vein in isolation is of no clinical importance, its recognition in the setting of associated lesions is important. We sought to address issues concerning the influence of isomerism, the establishment of diagnosis, and its importance in various surgical and interventional procedures. A total of 80 published clinical and necropsy studies in the setting of a retroaortic left brachiocephalic vein described 250 patients. Clinical presentation, radiographic, ultrasonographic findings, contrast echocardiography, computed-tomographic angiocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and angiocardiography provided the diagnostic information prior to considering the surgical approach to the associated cardiac anomalies. Among 250 reported cases, three-quarters had associated congenitally malformed hearts. Of these 189 patients, all but seven had usual atrial arrangement. Right isomerism was reported in five patients and two patients having left isomerism. Almost two-thirds had tetralogy of Fallot or its variants, over four-fifths had malformations involving the outflow tract, two-thirds had a right aortic arch with two patients having a cervical aortic arch, and onepatient had double aortic arch...Continue Reading
Pseudocoarctation of the aorta associated with retro-aortic left brachiocephalic vein: a case report
Anomalous subaortic position of the brachiocephalic vein (innominate vein): an echocardiographic study
Anomalous subaortic position of the brachiocephalic (innominate) vein: a review of published reports and report of three new cases
Anomalous course of the brachiocephalic vein diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography in a child with left atrial isomerism and right aortic arch
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Tetralogy of Fallot, absent pulmonary valve, partial anomalous pulmonary venous return and coarctation of the aorta
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A very rare anatomic variation of the left brachiocephalic vein: left retro-aortic brachiocephalic vein with tetralogy of Fallot
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Subaortic left brachiocephalic vein: computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiography findings
Neonatal repair of right interrupted aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery, ventricular septal defect and retroaortic innominate vein
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Left cervical aortic arch in conjunction with a complex arch aneurysm and subaortic left innominate vein
Retroaortic left innominate vein - Incidence, association with congenital heart defects, embryology, and clinical significance.
CT and MR imaging in congenital cardiac malformations: Where do we come from and where are we going?
Double Aortic Arch With a Retroaortic Innominate Vein: A Rare Association Diagnosed Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.