Surgical management of thrombotic acute intestinal ischemia

Annals of Surgery
Eric D EndeanR M Mentzer


To evaluate the University of Kentucky experience in treating acute intestinal ischemia to elucidate factors that contribute to survival. Acute intestinal ischemia is reported to have a poor prognosis, with survival rates ranging from 0% to 40%. This is based on several reports, most of which were published more than a decade ago. Remarkably, there is a paucity of recent studies that report on current outcome for acute mesenteric ischemia. A comparative retrospective analysis was performed on patients who were diagnosed with acute intestinal ischemia between May 1993 and July 2000. Patients were divided into two cohorts: nonthrombotic and thrombotic causes. The latter cohort was subdivided into three etiologic subsets: arterial embolism, arterial thrombosis, and venous thrombosis. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, risk factors, surgical procedures, and survival were analyzed. Survival was compared with a collated historical series. Acute intestinal ischemia was diagnosed in 170 patients. The etiologies were nonthrombotic (102/170, 60%), thrombotic (58/170, 34%), or indeterminate (10/170, 6%). In the thrombotic cohort, arterial embolism accounted for 38% (22/58) of the cases, arterial thrombosis for 36% (21/58), an...Continue Reading


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