PMID: 6387123Aug 1, 1984Paper

Survey of the human acetylator polymorphism in spontaneous disorders

Journal of Medical Genetics
D A Evans

Abstract

There is ample evidence that the human acetylator phenotypes are associated with drug induced phenomena. It is principally the slow acetylators who exhibit toxic adverse effects because of their relative inability to detoxify the original drug compounds. In rare instances, however, it is the rapid acetylators who are at a disadvantage. In the matter of association of spontaneous disease with either acetylator phenotype, there are two groups of disorders to consider. First, disorders in which carcinogenic amines are known to be an aetiological factor. This is because these amines are substrates for the polymorphic N-acetyltransferase activity and hence there is a possible rational basis for searching for an association. Secondly, other disorders where searches for associations are based more on hunches. In the first group there is a definite statistical association between cancer of the bladder and the slow acetylator phenotype. In prevalence studies the slow phenotype is 39% more associated with bladder cancer than is the rapid phenotype. On the basis of the evidence now available it is not possible to say whether this association is because slow acetylators develop the disease more frequently or whether they survive longer. In...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acetylation
Malignant Neoplasm of Urinary Bladder
Mammary Neoplasms, Human
Diabetes Mellitus
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Gilbert Disease (Disorder)
Leprosy
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Genetic Polymorphism

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