PMID: 6274142Jun 1, 1981

Susceptibility of continuous lines of monkey kidney cells to influenza and parainfluenza viruses in the presence of trypsin

Acta Pathologica Et Microbiologica Scandinavica. Section B, Microbiology
I Orstavik


LLC-MK2, GMK AH-1, BSC-1, and Vero cells were compared in titrations of recent isolates and laboratory strains of influenza A and B and parainfluenza types 1, 2, and 3 viruses. About the same titres, as determined by haemadsorption in cell cultures, were obtained in LLC-MK2, GMK AH-1, and BSC-1 cells when trypsin had been added to the medium, whereas the Vero cells were less sensitive to the influenza virus strains tested. Virus titres were usually low in the absence of trypsin. A laboratory strain of parainfluenza 2 virus reached about the same titres in medium without as in medium with trypsin, possibly owing to prior adaptation by passages in Vero cells. Comparative titrations of influenza A, and parainfluenza 1 and 3 viruses suggested the same susceptibility of LLC-MK2 cells with trypsin as of primary monkey kidney cells. Re-isolation experiments from 38 clinical specimens showed LLC-MK2 cells to be as efficient as primary monkey kidney cells for isolation of influenza and parainfluenza viruses, whereas the susceptibility of the other cell lines to clinical material has not yet been tested on a larger scale. It is concluded that a continuous line of monkey kidney cell culture may be acceptable as an alternative to primary m...Continue Reading

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