Oct 15, 1994

Susceptibility of various purple and green sulfur bacteria to different antimicrobial agents

FEMS Microbiology Letters
B NogalesI Esteve

Abstract

Several purple and green sulfur bacteria (genera Chromatium, Thiocapsa and Chlorobium) were tested for their sensitivity to different antimicrobial agents by a disc diffusion assay, using thioacetamide as a source of hydrogen sulfide for plate growth. Chlorobium limicola strains were more sensitive to amoxicillin, erythromycin and nalidixic acid, whereas gentamicin and netilmicin were more active against the purple bacteria tested. None of the organisms were sensitive to oxacillin and trimethoprim+sulfamethoxazole. The critical concentrations at the edge of the inhibition zone were also calculated for three organisms and the antimicrobials colistin, mitomycin C, penicillin G, rifampicin, and streptomycin. The results obtained suggest that colistin, mitomycin C, penicillin G would provide selective conditions against the growth of Chlorobium limicola strains, while streptomycin and other aminoglycoside antibiotics would select against purple bacteria.

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References

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Erythromycin
Amoxicillin
Sulfides
Gentamicins
Thioacetamide
Nalidixic Acid
Colistin
Chlorobiaceae
Chromatiaceae

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