Sep 5, 2006

Sustained effects of cardiac rehabilitation in children with serious congenital heart disease

Pediatrics
Jonathan RhodesKathy J Jenkins

Abstract

Past studies have documented the acute benefits of cardiac rehabilitation in children with congenital heart disease. It is not known whether these benefits persist. Fifteen patients, ages 8 to 17 years, with complex congenital heart disease, whose exercise function immediately after a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation program was superior to that present on a precardiac rehabilitation exercise test, were restudied 6.9 +/- 1.6 months after completion of the cardiac rehabilitation program (approximately 1 year after the precardiac rehabilitation study). Changes in exercise function relative to baseline, precardiac rehabilitation exercise tests were also compared with changes observed in a group of 18 control subjects, with similar diagnoses, who also had 2 exercise tests separated by a year but did not undergo cardiac rehabilitation. The cardiac rehabilitation patients' exercise function did not change significantly over the 6.9-month period after the completion of the cardiac rehabilitation program; percentage of predicted peak oxygen consumption and peak work rate remained significantly superior to baseline, precardiac rehabilitation values. These changes were also associated with improvements in self-esteem, behavior, and emotion...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Health Status
Congenital Heart Disease
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
Exercise Stress Test
Congenital Heart Defects
Compound A 12
Oxygen Consumption
Heart Diseases
Oxygen Consumption Measurement

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