Sustained-release delivery systems and their application for endoparasite control in animals

Journal of Controlled Release : Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
M CardamoneM R Brandon

Abstract

A solid formulation of a potent anthelmintic macrocyclic lactone, moxidectin, was administered using a non-degradable delivery device to discharge the agent into the subcutaneous tissues of sheep. In vivo release was monitored in sheep indirectly using faecal egg counts. Using a dose of 0.2 mg moxidectin/kg body weight when applied in the form of a solid pellet, protection of sheep against Haemonchus contortus challenge was conferred to a level greater than that of sheep which received Cydectin, the commercial liquid injectable form delivered at the same dosage. The anthelmintic efficacy of the solid formulation was assessed at four dosage levels in sheep and it was demonstrated that the dosage of anthelmintic agent could be reduced to 1/6 of the present recommended injectable dose. When two pellets containing the recommended dose of moxidectin were loaded into a non-degradable delivery device, the period of H. contortus control was extended from 42 to 183 days. Antibody levels of sheep receiving repeated infections of H. contortus L3 larvae and treated with moxidectin-loaded devices were reduced significantly compared to the levels observed in sheep treated with Cydectin (p < 0.0005). This implies that the group treated with t...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Jan 1, 1991·Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition·E RanucciR Duncan

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Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

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