Sweetness does not habituate during a sip-and-spit experiment

Physiology & Behavior
H N Schifferstein, J E Frijters

Abstract

In gravitational flow studies, the estimated saltiness of a NaCl/sucrose mixture increases after repetitive stimulations with sucrose. This increment is hypothesized to be the consequence of successive contrast and suppression release. According to the successive contrast hypothesis, the saltiness of the mixture percept is overestimated because its salty taste stands out against the preceding sweet tastes. The release of saltiness from suppression is supposed to originate from habituation to sweet stimuli. In the present study, the saltiness of a NaCl/sucrose mixture was judged after repetitive stimulations with sucrose using a sip-and-spit procedure. The increment in saltiness estimates after repeated stimulations with sucrose could be fully accounted for by successive contrast. No suppression release was observed. Differences in experimental procedure (the degree of experimental control, the subjects' arousal level, the variation in the proximal stimuli, the area of the tongue stimulated, and the subjective intensities of the habituating stimuli) that may affect the rate of habituation, are suggested as potential sources of the differences between the gravitational flow studies and the present one.

References

Jun 1, 1979·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·H T Lawless
Sep 1, 1992·Perception & Psychophysics·H N Schifferstein, J E Frijters
Mar 1, 1990·Canadian Journal of Psychology·S Mori, L M Ward
Jan 1, 1987·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·J Gruzelier, F Eves
Oct 1, 1987·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·W G Iacono
Nov 1, 1985·Physiology & Behavior·J H Kroeze, L M Bartoshuk
Jun 1, 1973·Physiology & Behavior·D H McBurney, L M Bartoshuk
Jan 1, 1966·Psychological Review·R F Thompson, W A Spencer
Sep 1, 1969·Psychophysiology·R L Houck, R B Mefferd
Nov 1, 1969·Journal of Experimental Psychology·G L Fisher, B E Fisher
Apr 1, 1968·Gut·L Kreel, C Mackintosh
Jan 28, 1983·Science·S T Kelling, B P Halpern
Mar 1, 1964·Psychological Bulletin·S GOLDSTONE, J L GOLDFARB

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 1, 1997·Perception & Psychophysics·H N Schifferstein, W E Kuiper
Sep 1, 1992·Perception & Psychophysics·H N Schifferstein, J E Frijters
Jan 1, 1995·Perception & Psychophysics·H N Schifferstein
Jul 1, 1996·Perception & Psychophysics·H N Schifferstein, I M Oudejans
Sep 11, 2004·Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association·K M AppletonJ E Blundell
Nov 28, 2020·Physiology & Behavior·Sally EldeghaidySusan T Francis

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.