Swelling-activated chloride current is persistently activated in ventricular myocytes from dogs with tachycardia-induced congestive heart failure

Circulation Research
H F ClemoClive M Baumgarten

Abstract

The hypothesis that cellular hypertrophy in congestive heart failure (CHF) modulates mechanosensitive (ie, swelling- or stretch-activated) anion channels was tested. Digital video microscopy and amphotericin-perforated-patch voltage clamp were used to measure cell volume and ion currents in ventricular myocytes isolated from normal dogs and dogs with rapid ventricular pacing-induced CHF. In normal myocytes, osmotic swelling in 0.9T to 0.6T solution (T, relative osmolarity; isosmotic solution, 296 mOsmol/L) was required to elicit ICl,swell, an outwardly rectifying swelling-activated Cl- current that reversed near -33 mV and was inhibited by 1 mmol/L 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (9AC), an anion channel blocker. Block of ICl,swell by 9AC simultaneously increased the volume of normal cells in hyposmotic solutions by up to 7%, but 9AC had no effect on volume in isosmotic or hyperosmotic solutions. In contrast, ICl,swell was persistently activated under isosmotic conditions in CHF myocytes, and 9AC increased cell volume by 9%. Osmotic shrinkage in 1.1T to 1.5T solution inhibited both ICl,swell and 9AC-induced cell swelling in CHF cells, whereas osmotic swelling only slightly increased ICl,swell. The current density for fully activate...Continue Reading

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