Apr 18, 2020

Evolutionary divergence of potential drought adaptations between two subspecies of an annual plant: Do some constraints need to be broken?

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T. E. Burnette, Vincent M Eckhart

Abstract

Premise: Whether mechanisms of drought adaptation tend to evolve together, evolve independently, and/or evolve constrained by genetic architecture is incompletely resolved, particularly for water-relations traits besides gas exchange. We addressed this question in two subspecies of Clarkia xantiana (Onagraceae), California winter annuals that diverged approximately 65,000 years ago and that are adapted, partly by differences in flowering time, to native ranges that differ in precipitation. Methods: In these subspecies and in F5 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between them we scored drought-adaptation traits related to phenology (times to seed germination and to flowering) and tissue water relations (measures of succulence; pressure-volume curve parameters), in common environments. Results: Subspecies differed distinctly. The one native to more arid environments had some trait values associated with drought adaptation (e.g., early flowering and high succulence) but had higher osmotic potential at full turgor and lost turgor at higher water potential, indicating poorer tolerance of dehydration. Traits that differed between subspecies exhibited substantial genetic variation, with broad-sense heritability from 0.09 (st...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Positioning Attribute
Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Network
Nutrients
Site
Glomus arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiont 109-2
Self-Report
Fungi
Species
Retrograde Direction
Disintegration (Morphologic Abnormality)

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