PMID: 8944816Nov 1, 1996

Sympathetic influences on electrical and mechanical alternans in the canine heart

Cardiovascular Research
D EulerB Olshansky

Abstract

The aim was to investigate the influence of the sympathetic nervous system on the induction of mechanical and electrical alternans in the intact canine heart. Experiments were performed on 8 open-chest dogs anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. A micromanometer-tipped catheter was used to measure left ventricular pressure, dp/dt and the time constant of isovolumic relaxation. Rapid atrial pacing was used to induce alternans and the left stellate ganglion was stimulated electrically to alter sympathetic tone. The longest pacing cycle length that showed a significant alternation in peak systolic pressure was defined as the alternans threshold. Electrical alternans was detected by comparing the ST-T area in the surface ECG (lead II) on alternate beats. The alternans threshold was 305(s.e.m. 10.4) ms under control conditions and decreased to 271(12.1), 225(33.4), and 177(6.2)ms, as the frequency of left stellate stimulation was increased to 1, 2, and 5 Hz, respectively (P < 0.001). Tau and peak -dp/dt began to alternate at the same pacing cycle length as peak +dp/dt and peak systolic pressure. Electrical alternans was only observed during mechanical alternans and the ST-T area of the strong beat was 243(143)% greater than the ST-...Continue Reading

Citations

May 10, 2001·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·J A KovachR L Verrier
Mar 24, 2010·Physiological Measurement·Gari D CliffordReza Sameni
Jul 25, 2013·Current Cardiology Reports·Faisal M MerchantAntonis A Armoundas
Feb 8, 2018·Frontiers in Physiology·James WinterMichael J Shattock
Jun 26, 2018·The Journal of Physiology·Samantha D Francis StuartCrystal M Ripplinger
Mar 17, 1999·Circulation·J M PastoreDavid S Rosenbaum
Feb 21, 2002·Circulation·Eric J RashbaMichael R Gold
Dec 13, 2006·Journal of Applied Physiology·Sanjiv M NarayanCarl F Edman

Related Concepts

Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Canis familiaris
Electric Stimulation Technique
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Heart
Right Atrial Structure
Sympathetic Nervous System
Sympatholytic Effect
Systole
Timoptol

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