PMID: 7270686Aug 1, 1981

Sympathetic system in potassium homeostasis

The American Journal of Physiology
P Silva, K Spokes

Abstract

The extrarenal disposal of potassium was studied in nephrectomized and adrenalectomized rats by measuring the rise in serum potassium produced during an infusion of 3 meq KCl/kg over 90 min. Adrenalectomy alone did not alter the volume of distribution of infused potassium in nephrectomized animals. When nephrectomy and adrenalectomy were combined with either insulin deficiency produced by streptozotocin or chemical sympathectomy induced by injection of 6-hydroxydopamine, potassium tolerance was significantly impaired. Hyperkalemia produced in chemically sympathectomized animals by potassium infusion was minimized by simultaneous infusion of epinephrine, an effect blocked by the beta-antagonist propranolol but not by the alpha-blocker phenoxybenzamine. These results suggest that extra renal uptake of potassium, in addition to being influenced by insulin and circulating catecholamines, is modulated by peripheral sympathetic activity.

Citations

Oct 4, 2000·Physiological Reviews·O M Sejersted, G Sjøgaard

Related Concepts

Adrenalectomy
Streptozotocin Diabetes
Drug Tolerance
Medihaler-Epi
Hypokalemia
Nephrectomy
Potassium
Slow-K
Sympathetic Nervous System

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.