Apr 21, 2018

Symptoms of prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress following loss: A latent class analysis

The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Fiona Maccallum, Richard A Bryant

Abstract

Individuals vary in how they respond to bereavement. Those who experience poor bereavement outcomes often report symptoms from more than one diagnostic category. This study sought to identify groups of individuals who share similar patterns of prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms to determine whether these profiles are differentially related to negative appraisals thought to contribute to prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology. Participants were 185 bereaved adults. Latent class analysis was used to identify subgroups of individuals who showed similar patterns of co-occurrence of prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Multinomial regression was used to examine the extent to which appraisal domains and sociodemographic and loss factors predicted class membership. Latent class analysis revealed three classes of participants: a low symptom group, a high prolonged grief disorder symptom group, and a high prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom group. Membership of the prolonged grief disorder group and prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder group was predicted by higher mean negative self-re...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Patterns
Theoretical Model
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
Participant
Experience
Analysis
Subgroup A Nepoviruses
Subgroup

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