Dec 10, 2016

Symptoms of prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, and depression after loss in a Dutch community sample: A latent class analysis

Psychiatry Research
A A A Manik J DjelantikPaul Boelen


Mental health problems following loss can manifest as heterogeneous symptomatology that may include symptoms of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). However, the co-occurrence of symptoms of these three disorders is still only partially explored. The aims of this study were to identify subgroups (i.e., classes) in a Dutch sample of bereaved individuals, based on severity and/or co-occurrence of symptoms and to identify predictors for these subgroups, taking into account all three disorders. Using data from 496 participants who filled in questionnaires assessing PGD, PTSD and MDD, we conducted latent class analyses to identify different symptom classes. Predictors of these classes were identified using one-way ANOVA, Chi Square tests and multinomial regression analysis. We found three different classes: a resilient class, a PGD class and a combined PGD/PTSD class. Violent cause of death, loss of a child, and loss of a partner were associated with membership of the combined PGD/PTSD class. This study increases our understanding of the predictability of symptomology outcome following bereavement. This is a first step towards designing assessment and interventio...Continue Reading

  • References1
  • Citations8


  • References1
  • Citations8


Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Involutional Paraphrenia
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Attitude to Death
Cessation of Life
Services, Community
Mental Health

Related Feeds

Anxiety Disorders

Discover the latest research on anxiety disorders including agoraphobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder here.