PMID: 7992840Dec 1, 1994Paper

Synaptic pathology and glial responses to neuronal injury precede the formation of senile plaques and amyloid deposits in the aging cerebral cortex

The American Journal of Pathology
L J MartinD L Price


The cerebral cortices of macaques (ranging in age from 10 to 37 years; n = 17) were analyzed by immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy to determine the cellular and subcellular localizations of the amyloid precursor protein and beta-amyloid protein, the cellular participants in the formation of senile plaques and parenchymal deposits of the beta-amyloid protein, and the temporal/spatial development of these lesions. Amyloid precursor protein was enriched within the cytoplasm of pyramidal and nonpyramidal neuronal cell bodies in young and old monkeys. In the neuropil, amyloid precursor protein was most abundant within dendrites and dendritic spines; few axons, axonal terminals, and resting astrocytes and microglia contained the amyloid precursor protein. At synapses, amyloid precursor protein was found predominantly within postsynaptic elements and was enriched at postsynaptic densities of asymmetrical synapses. The earliest morphological change related to senile plaque formation was an age-related abnormality in the cortical neuropil characterized by the formation of dense bodies within presynaptic terminals and dendrites and an augmented localization of the amyloid precursor protein to astrocytes and microglia. In most mo...Continue Reading

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