Synchronization of estrus and fertility in zebu beef heifers treated with three estrus synchronization protocols

Theriogenology
N J CorbetJ E Kinder

Abstract

The effects on estrus and fertility of 3 estrus synchronization protocols were studied in Brahman beef heifers. In Treatment 1 (PGF protocol; n=234), heifers received 7.5 mg, i.m. prostianol on Day 0 and were inseminated after observed estrus until Day 5. Treatment 2 (10-d NOR protocol; n = 220) consisted of norgestomet (NOR; 3 mg, s.c. implant and 3 mg, i.m.) and estradiol valerate (5 mg, i.m.) treatment on Day -10, NOR implant removal and 400 IU, i.m. PMSG on Day 0, and AI after observed estrus through to Day 5. Treatment 3 (14-d NOR+PGF protocol; n = 168) constituted a NOR implant (3 mg, sc) on Day -14, NOR implant removal on Day 0, PGF on Day 16, and AI after observed estrus through to Day 21. All heifers were examined for return to estrus at the next cycle and inseminated after observed estrus. The heifers were then exposed to bulls for at least 21 d. During the period of estrus observation (5 d) after treatment, those heifers treated with the PGF protocol had a lower (P<0.01) rate of estrual response (58%) than heifers treated with the 10-d NOR (87%) or 14-d NOR+PGF (88%) protocol. Heifers treated with the 10-d NOR protocol displayed estrus earlier and had a closer synchrony of estrus than heifers treated with either the ...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1995·Biology of Reproduction·N AhmadE K Inskeep
Jun 1, 1997·Theriogenology·R A FigueiredoJ M Soler

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