Apr 17, 2020

Deletion of the mitochondrial matrix protein cyclophilin-D prevents parvalbumin interneuron dysfunction and cognitive deficits in a mouse model of NMDA hypofunction

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Aarron PhensySven Kroener

Abstract

Redox dysregulation and oxidative stress are final common pathways in the pathophysiology of a variety of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. Oxidative stress causes dysfunction of GABAergic parvalbumin-positive interneurons (PVI), which are crucial for the coordination of neuronal synchrony during sensory- and cognitive-processing. Mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in neurons and they control synaptic activity through their roles in energy production and intracellular calcium homeostasis. We have previously shown that in male mice transient blockade of NMDA receptors during development (subcutaneous injections of 30 mg/kg ketamine (KET) on postnatal days 7, 9, and 11) results in long-lasting alterations in synaptic transmission and reduced parvalbumin expression in the adult prefrontal cortex (PFC), contributing to a behavioral phenotype that mimics multiple symptoms associated with schizophrenia. These changes correlate with oxidative stress and impaired mitochondrial function in both PVI and pyramidal cells. Here, we show that genetic deletion (Ppif-/-) of the mitochondrial matrix protein cyclophilin D (CypD) prevents perinatal KET-induced increases in ROS and the resulting deficit...Continue Reading

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