Synthesis and antiprotozoal activity of some 2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazole bioisosteres

European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Gabriel Navarrete-VázquezFrancisco Hernández-Luis

Abstract

A series of 2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazole derivatives with various 5- and 6-position bioisosteric substituents (-Cl, -F, -CF3, -CN), namely 1-7, were prepared using a short synthetic route. Each analogue was tested in vitro against the protozoa Giardia intestinalis and Trichomonas vaginalis in comparison with albendazole and metronidazole. Several analogues had IC50 values < 1 microM against both species, which make them significantly more potent than either standard. Compound 4 [2,5(6)-bis(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazole], was 14 times more active than albendazole against T. vaginalis. This compound (4) also showed moderate antimalarial activity against W2 and D6 strains of Plasmodium falciparum (5.98 and 6.12 microM, respectively). Studying further structure activity relationships through the use of bioisosteric substitution in these benzimidazolic derivatives should provide new leads against protozoal and possibly malarial diseases.

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Related Concepts

Benzimidazole mononitrate
Antimalarials
Schizonticides
Benzimidazoles
Giardiasis
Bayer 5360
Plasmodium falciparum
Structure-Activity Relationship
Trichomonas Infections
Trichomonas vaginalis

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