Synthesis and characterization of silica-based aliphatic ion exchangers

Journal of Chromatography. a
L A Ciolino, J G Dorsey


The chemical literature describing preparation of aliphatic ion exchangers is limited, and although such phases are available commercially, the synthetic schemes are proprietary. The course of our research required the preparation of silica-based aliphatic cation and anion exchangers for which the desired base silica and/or ligand properties were not commercially available. We developed synthetic schemes to prepare silica-based aliphatic sulfonic acid, carboxylic acid and quaternary ammonium ion-exchange phases with active exchange capacities of 0.2-0.9 mumol/m2. Multiple techniques were used to characterize the intermediate and final phases produced in the syntheses, including Fourier transform diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy, spot tests, elemental analysis, acid-base titration and elution analysis.

Related Concepts

Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
Anion Exchange Resins
Octanoic Acids
Carboxylic Acids
Cation Exchange Resins
Quso G-32

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