Jun 1, 1989

Synthesis and secretion of apoE in thioglycolate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages: effect of cholesterol efflux

Journal of Lipid Research
L Dory

Abstract

ApoE synthesis and secretion, as a function of cellular cholesterol content and cholesterol efflux, was studied in thioglycolate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages. As expected, loading elicited macrophages with cholesterol induced a 5-fold increase in apoE secretion and a 2.5-fold increase in cellular apoE content over a 5-h period. Treatment of cholesterol-loaded cells with HDL3 further increased apoE secretion 1.7-fold and decreased cellular cholesterol by 20%. Treatment of cholesterol-loaded cells with HDL3 and SAH 58.035 (an ACAT inhibitor) increased apoE secretion 2.4-fold and decreased cellular cholesterol content by 35%. Treatment of the cells with the ACAT inhibitor alone suppressed apoE secretion by 40% but did not change cellular cholesterol content. Northern blot analysis of RNA indicated that cholesterol loading increased apoE mRNA 2-fold. ApoE mRNA levels were not further affected by treatment with HDL3 and/or the ACAT inhibitor. Cholesterol-loaded cells, in the absence of HDL3, secreted apoE into the media in two fractions as determined by column chromatography: a large molecular weight complex, (larger than HDL), and an essentially lipid-free protein. In the presence of HDL3, the cells secreted apoE in three ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Macrophages, Peritoneal
Hdl3
Northern Blotting
Epicholesterol
3-(decyldimethylsilyl)-N-(2-(4-methylphenyl)-1-phenylethyl)propanamide
HDL-Cholesterol Subclass 3 Measurement
Amides
SOAT1 gene
SDS-PAGE
Huntington DISEASE-LIKE 3 (Disorder)

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