Jan 1, 1996

Synthesis, modifications, and turnover of proteins during aging

Experimental Gerontology
S I Rattan


Slowing down of bulk protein synthesis is one of the most commonly observed biochemical changes during aging. The implications and consequences of slower rates of protein synthesis are manifold, including a decrease in the availability of enzymes for the maintenance, repair, and normal metabolic functioning of the cell, an inefficient removal of inactive, abnormal, and damaged macromolecules in the cell, the inefficiency of the intracellular and intercellular signalling pathways, and a decrease in the production and secretion of hormones, antibodies, neurotransmitters, and the components of the extracellular matrix. Age-related changes in the activity, specificity, and stability of a large number of proteins have been reported. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for such alterations are still poorly understood. Studies on various components of the protein synthetic machinery have revealed a decline in the efficiency and accuracy of ribosomes, an increase in the levels of rRNA and tRNA, and a decrease in the amounts and activities of elongation factors. Because posttranslational modifications of proteins determine their activity and stability, alterations in the extent and level of various modifications such as phosph...Continue Reading

  • References56
  • Citations98


Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Protein Methylation
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Post-Translational Protein Processing
MT-TA gene
Extracellular Matrix
Protein Phosphorylation
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.