Synthesis of 4-[2-aminoethyl(nitrosamino)]-1-pyridin-3-yl-butan-1-one, a new NNK hapten for the induction of N-nitrosamine-specific antibodies

Bioconjugate Chemistry
Emmanuel J F ProdhommeClaude P Muller


4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is one of the most abundant and potent procarcinogens in tobacco smoke. In order to induce a strong and substained antibody response against NNK, we developed a functionalized derivative that closely mimicked its structural features, in particular, the pyridyloxobutyl moiety, the adjacent ketone, and the N-nitrosamino group. This hapten was conjugated via a C 2 linker to the highly immunogenic diphteria toxoid licensed as a vaccine in humans to induce polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. Two monoclonal antibodies were obtained with Kd values of 45.8 nM (P9D5) and 37.6 nM (P7H3), respectively, for NNK-C 2. Both the monoclonal (P9D5 and P7H3) and polyclonal antibodies reacted strongly with NNK (IC 50 = 80 microM or 160 microM) and NNAL (IC 50 = 29 microM or 93 microM) and to a lesser extent with some of the metabolites of NNK. Interestingly, the mAbs did not react with the metabolites of the detoxification pathways such as NNK-N-Oxide and NNAL-N-Oxide (IC 50 > 512 microM). Therefore, such antibodies detect NNK and NNAL and may have the potential to modulate their redistribution in vivo, perhaps reducing some detrimental effects of smoking.


Oct 28, 2008·Journal of Molecular Recognition : JMR·Rebecca L Rich, David G Myszka
Feb 16, 2019·Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry·Jared L FreemanDaniel P Furkert

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