Synthesis of thiazolidine-fused heterocycles via exo-mode cyclizations of vinylogous N-acyliminium ions

Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Milovan StojanovićMarija Baranac-Stojanović

Abstract

Syntheses of thiazolidine-fused heterocycles via exo-mode cyclizations of vinylogous N-acyliminium ions incorporating heteroatom-based nucleophiles have been examined and discussed. The formation of (5,6)-membered systems was feasible with all nucleophiles tried (O, S and N), while the closing of the five-membered ring was restricted to O- and S-nucleophiles. The closure of a four-membered ring failed. Instead, the bicyclic (5,6)-membered acetal derivative and the tricyclic system with an eight-membered central ring were obtained from the substrates containing O and S nucleophilic moieties, respectively. The reaction outcome and stereochemistry are rationalized using quantum chemical calculations at B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The exclusive cis-stereoselectivity in the formation of (5,6)- and (5,5)-membered systems results from thermodynamic control, whereas the formation of the eight-membered ring was kinetically controlled.

References

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