Synthesising the 12-lead electrocardiogram: Trends and challenges

European Journal of Internal Medicine
Dewar D FinlayNorman D Black


An area of electrocardiography which has received much interest of late is that of synthesising the 12-lead ECG from a reduced number of leads. The main advantage of this approach is obvious, as fewer recording sites are required to capture the same information. This, in turn, streamlines the ECG acquisition process with little detriment to the integrity of information used for interpretation. In the current article, we provide an overview of ECG synthesis along with a description of various 'limited lead' systems that have been reported in the literature. Based on this, several suggestions as to what the ECG of the future may entail have been made.


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Oct 22, 2013·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·Michał KaniaRoman Maniewski
Sep 14, 2010·Journal of Electrocardiology·Dewar D FinlayDaniel Guldenring
Jun 27, 2009·IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine : a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society·Dewar D FinlayRobert L Lux
Jul 20, 2011·IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine : a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society·Roman Trobec, Ivan Tomašić
Mar 26, 2015·IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics·Jaehyeok LeeJungkuk Kim
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