Systematic conservation planning and the cost of tackling conservation conflicts with large carnivores in Italy

Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Carlo Rondinini, L Boitani

Abstract

Conservation in Europe (including the establishment of protected areas) is undertaken mainly through legislation and on densely populated private land. Consequently, conflicts of interest arise between human economic activities and biodiversity conservation. We used a systematic approach to conservation planning to explore different conservation scenarios for the Apennine populations of wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos marsicanus) in Italy. The conservation measures we considered were electrified fences and guard dogs to prevent wolves and bears from preying on sheep. We used habitat suitability models of the two species as an estimate of their distributions. Across the study area, we estimated the potential intensity of conflict caused by predation on sheep and the cost of the antipredator measures. We examined scenarios for the conservation of wolves and bears that identified systems of sites where antipredator measures should be applied to either minimize the economic cost of the plan or tackle a predetermined amount of conflict. The overall cost of the conservation plans ranged between euro1,486,000 and euro16,876,000, depending on the scenario and on the size of the conservation target. Because potential confli...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 28, 2014·Journal of Environmental Management·Mikko MönkkönenOlli-Pekka Tikkanen
May 1, 2008·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·James JustusSahotra Sarkar
Sep 10, 2008·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Atte Moilanen
Sep 22, 2009·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Håkan BerglundBengt Gunnar Jonsson
Mar 30, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·J Nicolás Urbina-Cardona, Oscar Flores-Villela
Mar 30, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Adam C D BarlowJames L D Smith
Sep 10, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Brett Anthony BryanDarran King
Dec 21, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Llewellyn C FoxcroftMathieu Rouget
Jul 21, 2011·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Brent J SewallCheikh M Iboura
Aug 28, 2009·PloS One·Rafael Dias LoyolaThomas Michael Lewinsohn
Jun 4, 2011·PloS One·Joaquim Trindade-Filho, Rafael Dias Loyola
Oct 20, 2010·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Sahotra SarkarVictor Sánchez-Cordero
Jun 5, 2010·PloS One·David M Frank, Sahotra Sarkar
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Jan 3, 2013·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Aija S Kukkala, Atte Moilanen

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