Feb 18, 2015

Systematic discovery and classification of human cell line essential genes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Traver HartJason Moffat

Abstract

The study of gene essentiality in human cells is crucial for elucidating gene function and holds great potential for finding therapeutic targets for diseases such as cancer. Technological advances in genome editing using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 systems have set the stage for identifying human cell line core and context-dependent essential genes. However, first generation negative selection screens using CRISPR technology demonstrate extreme variability across different cell lines. To advance the development of the catalogue of human core and context-dependent essential genes, we have developed an optimized, ultracomplex, genome-scale gRNA library of 176,500 guide RNAs targeting 17,661 genes and have applied it to negative and positive selection screens in a human cell line. Using an improved Bayesian analytical approach, we find CRISPR-based screens yield double to triple the number of essential genes than were previously observed using systematic RNA interference, including many genes at moderate expression levels that are largely refractory to RNAi methods. We further characterized four essential genes of unknown significance and found that they all likely exist in protein compl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Classification
Nuclear Proteins
Geranium core-core
Genome
Genes
RBM48 gene
Complex (molecular entity)
Human Cell Line
Gene Function

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