Jan 1, 1983

Systematic pH-measurements in the umbilical artery: causes and predictive value of neonatal acidosis

Journal of Perinatal Medicine
P A LauenerJ F Monod


Subpartal and neonatal blood gas analyses have attracted increasing interest during the past 20 years. Different studies have been carried out to investigate the causes and immediate consequences of perinatal acidosis. It was the aim of this study to examine the long term outcome of acidotic-born babies. During 16 consecutive months all deliveries in the Obstetric Department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) were investigated with regard to incidence and causes of a perinatal acidosis (pHa.umb. less than 7.15). The psycho-motor development of all acidotic newborns was followed up for an average of 15 months. Out of 1922 deliveries a blood sample was available in all but 11 cases (0.57%). Seven newborns were excluded from the study on the assumption that their acidosis and outcome might be related to the underlying condition (congenital malformation and infection, extreme prematurity) rather than perinatal events. From the remaining 1904 deliveries 6.4% (N = 121) had a pHa.umb. less than 7.15 (Tab. I). The incidence of certain perinatal factors was compared in the acidotic and the non acidotic groups (Tab. II). The percentage of acidotic newborns is significantly higher in primipareae, in deliveries done on ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Amniotic Fluid - Specimen Type
Motor Development
Absence of Pain Sensation
Multiple Pregnancy
Entire Umbilical Artery
Amniotic Fluid
Apgar Score
Umbilical Cord Blood

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